The Analects of Process:
Reflections on Mencius and Xunzi
Chinese College Students
Mencius asserts the innate goodness of the individual, believing that it is society's influence – its lack of a positive cultivating influence – which causes bad moral character. "He who exerts his mind to the utmost knows his nature" and "the way of learning is none other than finding the lost mind".
Xunzi believes that all people are born with natural tendencies toward "waywardness": that is, a taste for profit and beauty and a susceptibility to jealousy and hate, all of which, if indulged in, will lead to disorder and criminality.